World is experiencing dramatic climatic changes, leading to shifting of seasons, famines, cloud busters etc.. Green house gasses increases global warming, resulting in melting of polar/green landic ice caps, glaciers which are perenniel source of water to countries like india. With the melting of ice, sea level raises and costal areas are being washed out or submerged in the seas, leading to displacement of costal population.
United Nation Environmental Program ( UNEP ) is providing leadership in transition to low carbon globe, provide guidence to implement legislative and institutional frame work to mitigate post conflict disaster management, restoration ecosystem in manner consistant with sustainable development, through its Global Program of Action ( GPA )
United Nations declared 16th. September is declared as world ozone day and 2020 to 2030 as UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
Burning of fuel wood
Lack of proper garbage & waste removal system
Especially medical and electronic waste
Transport system : Vehicular emissions due to fuel adulteration & poor combustion of fuel
Fly ash from thermal plants
Large scale burning of crop remanants post harvesting
Haze and smoke along Ganga Basin and in cities like delhi is belived to be dust from pakistan and middle east, air pollution from large cities like Delhi, Kanpur and Large scale burning of crop remanants post harvesting
Air pollution is belived to cause respiratory deceases like Bronchitis, Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Decease ( COPD )
Lack of proper sewage treatment facilities
Diversion of consumer water and factory waste into rivers
Cremation practices in and around rivers
Lack of flood control and monsoon water drainage systems resulting in mixing up of rain water with sewage
Industrial pollution : People around Ghaziabad face hazardous heavy metal residues in vegitables due to industrial pollution and built of heavy metals in soil.
Water ( Prevention & Control of pollution Act ) - 1974
Amendment of Constitution article 48A of part VI safe guarding forests and wild life - 1976
Forest Conservation Act - 1980
Air ( Prevention & Control of pollution ) Act - 1981
Ministry of Environment & Forests formed - 1985
Environmental ( Protection ) Act -1986
Noise pollution ( Regulation & Control ) Act - 2000
Ban on single use Plastics - 2019 ( effective from 2nd. October 2019 )